The First Earthly Ministry of Messiah (Christ) Jesus

Map of Jerusalem in Times of First Earthly Ministry of Jesus Christ and the Early Church Courtesy of Ryrie Study Bible, Moody Bible Institute

Summary of First Earthly Ministry of Messiah (Christ) Jesus

According to the Christian scriptures (Bible) both in the Old Testament, but especially in the New Testament Jesus of Nazareth is portrayed as the Son of God and Messiah (Christ or Annointed One) sent from God the Father from Heaven to be the Redeemer of Israel and the Saviour of the world. Jesus did this about 2000 years ago by a supernatural birth in his being conceived by the Holy Ghost (Holy Spirit) in the womb of a Jewish woman in the line of King David and Abraham and Adam as in Matthew 1 and Luke 1 to 3. This enabled Jesus to be without a fallen human nature that is normally inherited at conception by human beings through our first parents Adam and Eve that led the human race into a fallen state separated from God by sin. Jesus came with his divine nature into the human nature of a perfect or sinless man through the virgin birth. This enabled Jesus to live a life without sin even in the eyes of his critics such as the Pharisees and Saducees although they tried to find fault for minute matters of the law and other trifling things that ignored the higher interpretation of the law Jesus was bringing and fulfilling. Often these disputes in the law were not even in the Old Testament but in Jewish traditions or interpretations of the Law of Moses and the Old Testament. Jesus of Nazareth (Jesus Christ(Messiah)) not only lived a perfect life, he also taught with great authority and did many miracles that supported his claims to be the one sent from God or the Son of God or Messiah such as his raising the dead, healing the sick, casting out demons or evil spirits and showing power over nature such as multiplying the fish and loaves of bread or calming the winds and storm on the Sea of Galilee. Jesus also fulfilled many Old Testament prophecies literally spoken of the Messiah, especially with the ones emphasizing his role as the suffering servant of the LORD. Jesus after about 3 1/2 years in about 32 AD had raised the envy and anger of the Jewish leadership of the scribes and Pharisees and Saducees who were preparing to kill him partly for his criticism of them and their interpretation of the Law of Moses in the first five books of the Bible. They accomplished this on the day of the Passover probably in April 32 AD (CE) on a tortuous Roman cross outside the city of Jerusalem which was also in fulfillment of prophecy such as Psalm 22. On the third day later Jesus also in fulfillment to his own words bodily rose from the dead and appeared to his disciples and shared time with them, and taught them and ate with them for 40 days. Jesus then ascended in his new heavenly, spiritual or resurrection body to the third of highest heaven in the full view of his disciples from the Mount of Olives from where he gave again the Great Commision to evangelize the world and promised through some angels there that he would come in like manner (to the same place at His second coming in glory after the his coming in the rapture only to the air to snatch his church away 7 years previously at the beginning of the tribulation or 70th week of Daniel).

Conception and Names of the Saviour Jesus of Nazareth from Gospel of Matthew 1

Although it would not cause much of a stir or bother many people in our society these days, the morals were quite strict in Israel at the time of the birth of the Lord Jesus Christ about 2000 years ago and for a couple to have a child outside of marriage was considered a great shame and scandal. This is what Joseph and Mary and later when other people found out that when Jesus was born before they were married also them thought about the Lord Jesus Christ and the circumstances of his birth. This is because when Mary and Joseph were espoused (engaged) but not yet married Mary became pregnant with Jesus. However this should be considered not a source of shame but of joy and great honour for Mary and to some extent Joseph because the first child born to Mary, Jesus, was not by natural means but by a great miracle of God in the Holy Spirit putting a fertalized egg in her womb and as it says in the Gospel of Luke the power of the highest (God the Father) overshadowing her and bringing conception and the means of the eternal Son of God Jesus to come down to earth in the form of a mortal but sinless man. The expression before they Mary and Joseph came together means before they had sexual intercourse Mary was found of child or was found to be pregnant. Joseph also had good morals and didn't understand the circumstances leading to Mary's pregnancy and was considering putting her away (divorcing her) because he thought she had had sex with some other man that caused her to be pregnant. It was at this point that an angel of the LORD appeared to Joseph and addressing Joseph as a son of David meaning the legal right of David's dynasty also proceeded to Jesus through Joseph although as the angel says the child in Mary was conceived of the Holy Ghost and not by Joseph or any other mere human man assured him that this child was of God and not to put Mary away. The angel then directed Joseph (and Mary) to call the child's name Jesus as this name means the LORD or Jehovah or Yahweh saves and in Hebrew is Y'Shua and is the same as Joshua. To save his people from their sins was Jesus' mission through his life especially in his public ministry for about 3 1/2 years after he was baptized by the Holy Spirit when he was about 30 years old. This was realized when Jesus died on the cross and rose from the dead. There was however another name Jesus was given by this angel. This is the name Immanuel which means God with us which was a fulfillment of a prophecy of the Messiah in Isaiah 7:14. God with us or Immanuel is also an apt title for Jesus and his first earthly life and ministry and death on the cross and resurrection since as he said especially in the Gospel of John he was the Son of God sent by God the Father to live on earth among men and reveal God in a (perfect) human life and then die in a body for the sins of all human beings for all time. It should pointed out in the Old Testament in Isaiah 7:14 where this verse is quoted from the Hebrew word for virgin means only virgin and not young woman or anything like that and is the Hebrew word "alma" and is translated as virgin also in Genesis 24:43, Song of Solomon 1:3 and 6:8 for other young women who hadn't had sex. Joseph was also obedient to the angel and dismissed his thoughts of divorcing Mary and took her as his wife and didn't have sex with her until he married her and named their child Jesus when he was born. This is all the true Christmas story although it probably actually occurred around October. The scripture reference of the conception and naming of the Lord Jesus Christ in the Gospel of Matthew 1 is as follows:

Scripture Reference from Gospel of Matthew 1 of the Miraculous Conception and Naming of the Lord Jesus Christ as the Son of God come from Heaven to Dwell on Earth and Become the Saviour of the World

Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost. Then Joseph her husband, being a just man, and not willing to make her a publick example, was minded to put her away privily. But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost. And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins. Now all this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us. Then Joseph being raised from sleep did as the angel of the Lord had bidden him, and took unto him his wife: And knew her not till she had brought forth her firstborn son: and he called his name JESUS. Gospel of Matthew 1:18-25

Birth of the Lord Jesus Christ and Worship by the Shepherds in Israel from Gospel of Luke 2

Although Jesus' birth has traditionally been celebrated at the beginning of winter on December 25, his birth probably actually occurred around October as that is the time shepherds in Israel are using watching their flocks by night. These shepherds were just carrying out their duties on what they thought was a night like any other night when a remarkable display was shown to them. An angel of the Lord came to them and the glory of the Lord or I would say of God the Father or the Shekinah glory appeared around them. The angel assured them not to fear which is a message used throughout the Bible to God's people or those who reverence God. The angel promised good news of great joy to all people. This news is available to all people and will be received by some people of all nations, tribes and languages but although Jesus died to pay the sins of all people, only those who admit they are sinners and receive Jesus as their personal Lord and Saviour will have the great joy of God's full salvation through His Son Jesus Christ realized in their lives. The angel then went on to say that that day was born in the city of David which was Bethlehem a Saviour which was Christ or Messiah the Lord. Jesus was the annointed one or Christ or Messiah of the LORD or God the Father who would then go on to die on the cross and rise from the dead to pay the price for our salvation from our sins and enable us to come into a relationship with God. There are some in the New Age Movement or possibly other mystical groups that believe that Jesus of Nazareth received the Christ spirit or Christ consciousness with some believing this happened after his resurrection or perhaps after Jesus was baptized by the Holy Spirit. However the scripture in verse 11 of this chapter should be kept in mind that Jesus is mentioned as being Christ or the Annointed one right from his birth and the Bible would support the idea that it was even from his conception. This title of Christ for Jesus according to the Bible doesn't just mean Jesus had a supernatural enlightened spirit but that he was God come in the flesh who came from heaven to die for the sins of the world and rise again to offer God's life to all who received Jesus as personal Lord and Saviour. Jesus was born as a baby and grew up through the stages of life at least until adulthood so he could better identify with us and our struggles and achievements in this life. This was a great event in the history of God's dealing with mankind and God thought it worthy to enable a great company of angels to appear in the sky giving praise to him for sending his son into the world for the salvation of all willing people and to offer his peace to us. The shepherds were very moved by this sight and the message of the angel and they then went to Bethlehem to see for themselves the one whose birth the angels had spoken about. They then say Mary and Joseph and the baby Jesus in the manger. They then told as many people as they could find what they heard about the baby Jesus and what the angel said his role would be. Mary was quite moved by this experience and treasured these words and actions in her heart. The shepherds then returned to their fields worshipping God for what they had heard and seen. I would urge the reader at Christmas time or any time of the year to receive the Lord Jesus Christ as your personal Lord and Saviour that came into the world and died for our sins and rose again so that you also in great joy can praise and glorify God in this life and the life to come. The scripture reference from the Gospel of Luke of the birth of the Lord Jesus Christ and the message from the angels and the worship of the shepherds is as follows:

Scripture Reference from Gospel of Luke 2 of the Birth of the Lord Jesus Christ the Manifestation of Angels and the Glory of God and the Worship of the Shepherds

And there were in the same country shepherds abiding in the field, keeping watch over their flock by night. And, lo, the angel of the Lord came upon them, and the glory of the Lord shone round about them: and they were sore (very) afraid. And the angel said unto them, Fear not: for, behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people. For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, which is Christ the LOrd. And this shall be a sign unto you; Ye shall find the babe wrapped in swaddling clothes, lying in a manger. And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God, and saying, Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men. And it came to pass, as the angels were gone away from them into heaven, the shepherds said one to another, Let us now go even unto Bethlehem, and see this thing which is come to pass, which the Lord hath made known unto us. And they came with haste, and found Mary, and Joseph, and the babe lying in a manger. And when they had seen it, they made known abroad the saying which was told them concerning the child. And all they that heard it wondered at those things which were told them by the shepherds. But Mary kept all these things, and pondered them in her heart. And the shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God for all these things that they had heard and seen, as it was told unto them. Gospel of Luke 2:8-20

Visit of the Wise Men from the East to Worship the Lord Jesus Christ When He Was About Two Years Old from Matthew 2

Although it says in verse 1 of this chapter that it was when Jesus was born that the wise men came, it is probably more likely that they came when Jesus was according to the flesh about 2 years old since verse 16 of this chapter says that King Herod sought to kill all the babies of the Jews of 2 years old and under. The wise men were magi that were probably involved with astrology and some other means of trying to tell the future although they probably were familiar with astronomy too since there wasn't much distinction between astrology and astronomy in ancient times but they will probably still be in heaven because they acknowleded and worshipped the Lord Jesus as king and probably heard other aspects of the Messiah from the Old Testament when they talked with the scribes and chief priests or what they heard directly from God. Although the Bible doesn't say how far east the wise men came from they could have come from what is now Iraq or Iran or even further east such as the Indian subcontinent or the far east. This was in order to kill the Lord Jesus who Herod probably was jealous of as a possible rival king that could outstage him (Herod) as king in Israel. The wise men came from the east to Jerusalem after following the star from the east. Although there are many explanations of what this star is and the Bible doesn't give us enough information to say definitely what it was, but from a biblical and Jewish perspective and that makes good sense with what we are told here in the Bible I think the star was the Shekinah glory of God the Father like what he showed when he led the Israelites through the wilderness from Egypt to the promised land and that was present in the holy of holies in the 1st or Solomon's Temple. This would make sense because in the wilderness journeys described in the book of Numbers the shekinah glory had the ability to lead the Israelites and to stop at various places and then resume moving and leading the Israelites and the star the wise men of the east led them on and then stopped over Bethlehem where Jesus was. These wise men could have heard the prophecy in Daniel 9 of the time that the Messiah would be killed and that it would be at a young age and worked back that he could be born about the time the star appeared to them which was actually the case. Although some of the chief priests and scribes later became the enemies of the Lord Jesus Christ they should be commended for giving an honest answer from the Old Testament or Hebrew scriptures of the place prophesied by Micah where the Messiah would be born and that was then fulfilled by the Lord Jesus. The prophecy is in Micah 5:2 and is quoted fairly closely in verse 6 of this chapter. Herod feigned a desire to adore and want to worship Jesus also when he asked the wise men where the Messiah or Jesus would be born but he actually wanted to know this information so he could go to Bethlehem and kill Jesus before he grew up and became more powerful and could threaten Herod's power. From verse 9 it seems that the star the wise men saw from the east first stopped over Jerusalem which might have been why the wise men first came to Jerusalem and then the star led them to Bethlehem after they had received confirmation from the scribes and chief priests that the Messiah was to be born in Bethlehem. Even though Herod asked the wise men where the Messiah would be born they seemed to be wise enough not to answer him as the scripture mentions they they heard the king (Herod) they departed implying they didn't answer him before they left. When the star led them to Bethlehem and then stopped over the place where Jesus was and then he was called a young child rather than an infant the wise men rejoiced with great joy because they were quite certain then they had found the Messiah. The wise men they entered the house where Jesus was which I think can be distinguished with a stable in an inn where Jesus was born. After the wise men went into this house they worshipped him and presented precious gifts to him of gold which in the Bible symbolized worship and foreshadowing Jesus as king and frankincense which was used in the altar of sacrifice in the Jewish temple and speaks of prayer like the smoke that ascended to heaven and foreshadows the work that Jesus began when he ascended to heaven of the high priest before God the Father for all those who come to God by Him in prayer and myrrh which was used to annoint people for burial and was prophetic that the purpose of Jesus coming into the world was to die for our sins on the cross. These gifts might have provided enough finances for Joseph and Mary in Jesus to live for some time in Egypt until the death of Herod and the end of his plot to kill Jesus. Then there is an example of a dream from God in what he gave to the wise men to go back another way than which they came so they could avoid encountering Herod who would probably demand information about the location of Jesus and be upset with them for worshipping Jesus. The scripture passage from Matthew 2 of the coming of the wise men from the east to worship the young child Lord Jesus after they followed the star is as follows:

Scripture Reference from Matthew 2 of the Star Leading the Wise Men from the East to Worship the Young Child Jesus Christ in Bethlehem

Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem, Saying, Where is he that is born King of the Jews? for we have seen his star in the east, and are come to worship him. When Herod the king had heard these things, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him. And when he had gathered all the chief priests and scribes of the people together, he demanded of them where Christ should be born. And they said unto him, In Bethlehem of Judaea: for thus it is written by the prophet, And thou Bethlehem, in the land of Juda, art not the least among the princes of Juda: for out of thee shall come a Governor, that shall rule my people Israel. Then Herod, when he had privily called the wise men, enquired of them diligently what time the star appeared. And he sent them to Bethlehem, and said, Go and search diligently for the young child; and when ye have found him, bring me word again, that I may come and worship him also. When they had heard the king, they departed; and lo, the star, which they saw in the east, went before them, till it came and stood over where the young child was. When they saw the star, they rejoiced with exceeding great joy. And when they were come into the house, they saw the young child with Mary his mother, and fell down, and worshipped him: and when they had opened their treasures, they presented unto him gifts; gold, and frankincense, and myrrh. And being warned of God in a dream that they should not return to Herod, they departed into their own country another way. Matthew 2:1-12

The Lord Jesus Christ in the Temple Discussing God's Law with the Doctors of the Law When He Was 12 Years Old From Gospel of Luke 2

A popular idea of Jesus, especially from those who follow or promote New Age, mystical or Gnostic ideas or faiths including some Hindus and Buddhists is that Jesus between his birth and public ministry went to India or other places in the East to learn eastern mystical religion or philosophy. This is in contradiction to both the letter and spirit of God's Word - the Holy Bible and the true Jesus Christ or Messiah of the Bible. The Bible makes it clear that according to the flesh including in his early life Jesus had a very Jewish upbringing in a way quite faithful to the Law of God and there is little or no indication he veered off in a mystical path even in the so-called silent years between his birth and the beginning of his public ministry at the age of 30 years. Although it is not certain whether Jesus' parents brought him all the time to the temple at all the feasts before he was 12 it does say elsewhere in the Gospel of Luke that he was circumcised at 8 days according to the Jewish law and he was then presented to the LORD as their firstborn and dedicated with the appropriate animal sacrifice at the 2nd Temple in Jerusalem in Luke 2:21-24. At twelve years old Jesus could then be old enough to have the Jewish coming of age Bar Mitzvah ceremony which in temple days was performed at the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem. This could be the reason Jesus is especially mentioned as coming with his parents to the temple at 12 years old. Some people also say that Jesus wasn't God but as he lived his life on earth he developed the idea he was God. This is definitely contrary to God's Word - the Holy Bible. In Matthew 1:23 the scripture calls Jesus Immanuel or God with us indicating he was God from his conception and before. The earliest time in the New Testament Jesus is mentioned where his human side would have ability to higher thought and expression is this passage when he was 12 years old. Jesus in this passage says he must be about His Fathers' business which he uses in the Gospel of John later in his life to indicate his divinity that he is from the Father in heaven and not of this world indicating Jesus' divinity. Jesus went up with them to keep the feast of passover which of course was a very Jewish thing to do and Jesus is said with them to have come up after the custom of the feast. The scripture then says after they had fulfilled the days, meaning staying in Jerusalem and visiting the temple for the 8 days of the Feast of Unleavened Bread that immediately followed the Feast of Passover Joseph and Mary and those in their company started on their way to return to Nazareth but Jesus remained behind in the Temple with the doctors of the Law or Pharisees. Jesus staying behind in the temple gives every indication that he was seeking to learn more about the Jewish faith and scriptures and gives no indication but if anything speaks against the idea that he was interested in mystical ideas of the east. Mary and Joseph committed somewhat of a sin in not keeping track of Jesus better as they went for a whole day before they realized he was missing although then they returned to Jerusalem. In verse 46 the scriptures make it very clear that Jesus also at 12 years old had a heart for the God of the Bible and the God of Israel and his scriptures when he is spoken of as hearing the doctors of the law and asking them questions. The scriptures goes on to say these doctors were astonished or awed at his understanding and answers. Although Jesus did learn things in his earthly life he would still retain some understanding he had from being the second person of the Godhead with God the Father and the Holy Spirit from eternity past before he came into this world in Bethlehem. When Jesus' parents or mother Mary and foster father Joseph exclaimed that they had a troubled search for Jesus, he replied that he had to be about his Father's business by which he meant to learn God's word and about God and His will in preparation for his public ministry starting when he turned 30 years old. This would lead him to die for the sins of all people on the cross and rise from the dead before returning to heaven as well as living a sinless life. This being about God the Father's business is mutually exclusive with delving into eastern mysticism which the Bible would call serving other gods or learning the way of the heathen nations including their occultism. Finally it says in the last verse of this chapter for the period between when Jesus was 12 and 30 years old that he increased in wisdom and stature, and in favour with God and man. If Jesus had gone to India or other parts of the east to learn eastern mysticism he wouldn't have increased in favour with the God of the Bible that is spoken of in verse 52 but would have invoked God's strong disfavour and anger who would among other things then consider Jesus to have sinner and served other gods and followed the occult ways of the nations and become incapable of being God's provided sinless substitute for us and our sins on the cross. However Jesus did just stay around Israel, even later on saying he in his lifetime just came to save the lost sheep of the house of Israel and before or after the beginning of his public ministry didn't go any further than the adjacent parts of Egypt, Jordan and Lebanon mostly to reach the Jews of those areas with the Gospel or when he was two years old to escape the murderous plot of King Herod. The scripture reference from the Gospel of Luke 2 of Jesus also at 12 years old following a very Jewish way of life in the 2nd Temple at Jerusalem and indications that Jesus would continue a Jewish way of life exclusive of any trip to India or the east to seek after eastern mystical teaching is as follows:

Scripture Reference from Gospel of Luke 2 of Jesus Being Brought to the Jewish Temple at 12 Years of Age and Hearing and Asking Questions of the Doctors of the Law and Continuing to Gain Favour With God

Now his parents went to Jerusalem every year at the feast of the passover. And when he was twelve years old, they went up to Jerusalem after the custom of the feast. And when they had fulfilled the days, as they returned, the child Jesus tarried behind in Jerusalem; and Joseph and his mother knew not of it. But they, supposing him to have been in the company, went a day's journey; and they sought him among their kinsfolk and acquaintance. And when they found him not, they turned back again to Jerusalem, seeking him. And it came to pass, that after three days they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, both hearing them, and asking them questions. And all that heard him were astonished at his understanding and answers. And when they saw him, they were amazed: and his mother said unto him, Son, why hast thou thus dealt with us? behold, thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing. And he said unto them, How is it that ye sought me? wist ye not that I must be about my Father's business? And they understood not the saying which he spake unto them. And he went down with them, and came to Nazareth, and was subject unto them: but his mother kept all these sayings in her heart. And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in favour with God and man. Gospel of Luke 2:41-52

Description of Reference from Hebrews 1 That It Is the Same God That Relates to the Jews as Through the Lord Jesus Christ to Christians

There are some people that teach or believe that the Jews believe or are taught a different God because they don't believe in the divine trinity as Christians who also believe that the Lord Jesus Christ as the divine Son and the Holy Spirit are with the heavenly father one true God in being that is three in persons. However I believe and have found much evidence from God's word - the Holy Bible that it is the same God that relates to both Jews and Christians it is just that Jews have a more incomplete view of Him only believing in God the Father as God. The introduction to Hebrews says it is the same God that appeared to the Jews through the prophets as unto what would become the Church through His Son Jesus Christ. This is the same Son of God that is God in the flesh and that was one with God the Father in creation and then died for our sins and then ascended to heaven (after rising from the dead) in the person of the Lord Jesus Christ. These might be different views of God but they are not a different God. The scripture reference from Hebrews 1 of the same God appearing to and believed by the Jews that later showed himself through His Son Jesus Christ and became the bases for the Christian church is as follows:

Scripture Reference from Hebrews 1 of the Same God Appearing to the Jews Through the Prophets as Later Revealed Through His Son Jesus Christ as the Basis of the Christian Church

God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, Hath in these last days spoken unto us by His Son, who he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds; Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;

Baptism of the Lord Jesus Christ in Luke 3

Although Jesus Christ didn't need to be baptized to give a public testimony of his trusting in the Lord Jesus Christ for forgiveness of his sins he probably wanted to be baptized anyway to identify with believers and as he said in another gospel "to fulfill all righteousness" when John the Baptist asked him why he wanted to be baptized. The baptism of the Lord Jesus Christ is also one of the clearest manifestations of all three persons of the Divine Trinity in the scriptures. The scriptures mention when Jesus came up from the water and was praying the heaven opened and the Holy Ghost was manifest by descending in bodily shape as a dove and resting on him giving him the annointing of the Holy Spirit. At the same time there was a voice from heaven that said that Jesus was His beloved Son in whom he was well pleased. This voice was from the 1st person of the Trinity God the Father or the primary person of the LORD in the Old Testament. Jesus of course is the second person of the Divine Trinity God the Son or the Son of God. The scripture states that Jesus was about 30 years old and regarded mostly to be the son of Joseph with people not being aware or not emphasizing his miraculous virgin birth very much. The scripture reference from Gospel of Luke 3 about the baptism of Jesus Christ is as follows:

Scripture Reference from Gospel of Luke 3 of the Baptism of Jesus Christ

Now when all the people were baptized, it came to pass, that Jesus also being baptized, and praying, the heaven was opened, And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, Thou art my beloved Son; in thee I am well pleased. And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the son of Heli, Gospel of Luke 3:21-23

Temptation of the Lord Jesus Christ by the Devil as Main Test Before Beginning of Jesus' Public Ministry in Gospel of Matthew 4

Once Jesus had the Holy Spirit come upon him at his baptism the Holy Spirit continued to guide, fill and empower Him as the Holy Spirit does also for the born again Christian but our first human nature is sinless while Jesus had a sinless human nature and was also God in the flesh. Anyway the Holy Spirit continued to be with Jesus after his baptism through His public ministry and remainder of His time on earth including the next major event in His public ministry which was his temptation by the devil. The Holy Spirit drove Jesus into the wilderness (of Judaea) as the setting for his temptation of the devil. After Jesus arrived in this wilderness he fasted for forty days and forty nights and after that was very hungry. These were conditions that would make Jesus more vulnerable to temptation especially a major temptation by the devil himself. The three temptations that the tempter or Satan the devil tempted Jesus with were the lust of the flesh (the desire to fulfill the cravings of our body), the pride of life and the lust of the eyes in that order. Satan also tempted the first woman Eve with these same areas of temptations with the forbidden fruit of the tree of knowledge of good and evil namely that it was good for food, to be desired to make one wise and pleasant to the eyes and she unfortunately yielded to these temptations and brought about with Adam joining her in this sin the fall into sin and self will and separation from God of the human race in Genesis 3. All people both believers and unbelievers in this life on earth are often tempted by the devil in these three areas by the devil as in 1 John 2:15-17 but if we are born of God we should by God's strength make an effort to resist these temptations although God forgives us if we are genuinely sorry for our sins and giving into temptation and ask his forgiveness in Jesus' name. The first temptation the tempter the devil gave Jesus was to offer him to satisfy his physical hunger by a show of Jesus' supernatural power. The devil was trying to get Jesus to give a superfluous show of his power at the devil's suggestion but Jesus said he got more important fulfillment by living by God's word and having God working through Him. The devil saying if or since you are Son of God was trying to cynically pressure Jesus to give a gratuitous show of his power with the devil not sincere in wanting proof of Jesus' divinity. In the second temptation the devil brought Jesus to the Temple in Jerusalem and placed Jesus on pinnacle or tip of the temple which would be probably over 100 feet high and again insincerely asked Jesus for proof that He was the Son of God or that he was divine. One of the evidences of God's divinity is that he has all the holy angels at his command. Although in this case the devil quotes from the Bible (Psalm 91) he leaves out a key phrase from this quotation that is "to keep you in all your ways". If Jesus had listened to devil and cast himself from the temple he couldn't have a guarantee of God's protection from the holy angels because then Jesus would be disobeying God and not being in all God's ways by pride, listening to the devil and an unneccessary tempting of God the Father. Lastly the devil brought Jesus to a high mountain and showed him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time and offerred to king all of it to Jesus if he would fall down and worship the devil. One thing the devil most wants is for others to worship him and he succeeds with many people through the entertainment, business, military, sports, political, science and technology and other systems of this world which are mostly not involved in glorifying the God of the Bible although there are some aspects of all these systems especially through the true Church of born again Christians and to some extent through the Jews that do glorify the God of the Bible. The devil was right in saying to Jesus that he could give the world and its glory to him if Jesus bowed down and worshipped him as the devil acquired primary dominion over the world system when Adam the first man who was originally bestowed by God with dominion over the earth disobeyed God and took of the forbidden fruit that was offerred by the devil. However Jesus would not be in God's will if he worshipped the devil because as Jesus rightly said that what was right for him and all created humans and angels is for us to worship God the Father and for people also to worship Jesus as the Son of God not the devil who is a rebellious fallen creature. Besides Jesus knew the devil would only have authority over the world system for a limited time after which Jesus would in God's will at the end of the tribulation at Jesus' Second coming in glory take over full authority over this world and bind the devil in the bottomless pit to start God's 1000 year Messianic Kingdom and then eternal rule. After Jesus had successfully contended with the devil in great temptations in each of these major areas he could go on with his public ministry unspotted by yielding to the devil and still qualify as our sinless Saviour. This led the devil to leave Jesus (for a time) and holy angels to come and strengthen Jesus. The scripture reference from Gospel of Matthew 4 of the temptation by Satan the devil of the Lord Jesus Christ at the beginning of Jesus' public ministry and Jesus' successfully resisting the devil's temptations from the word of God (all in Deuteronomy) is as follows:

Scripture Reference from Gospel of Matthew 4 of the Lord Jesus Christ Facing and Successfully Resisting Critical Temptations from the Devil at the Beginning of Jesus' Public Ministry

Then was Jesus led up of the spirit into the wilderness to be tempted of the devil. And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was afterward an hungred. And when the tempter came to him, he said, If thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread. But he answered and said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God. Then the devil taketh him up into the holy city, and setteth him on a pinnacle of the temple, And saith unto him, If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself down: for it is written, He shall give his angels charge concerning thee: and in their hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any time thou dash thy foot against a stone. Jesus said unto him, It is written again, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God. Again, the devil taketh him up into an exceeding high mountain, and sheweth him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them; And saith unto him, All these things will I give thee, if thou wilt fall down and worship me. Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve. Then the devil leaveth him, and, behold, angels came and ministered unto him. Gospel of Matthew 4:1-11

The Lord Jesus Christ Applies a Key Messianic Passage from Isaiah to Himself and His First Earthly Ministry in Luke 4

People at this synagogue in Nazareth where Jesus lived would have been quite familiar with him or thought they knew him quite well because he grew up there in their midst and they often saw and probably talked with him at that synagogue. This passage gives further evidence that Jesus in His public ministry kept the Law of Moses as it says he went to the synagogue to read from the scripture which was very Jewish. However although Jesus kept the Law of Moses in His earthly ministry it was so He could be the perfect sacrifice and pay the penalty of death by an innocent sacrifice for someone or in this case all people who have transgressed the law so they could have their sins covered. In this case it is for all other people as we are all sinners before a holy but also loving God. However because Jesus was sinless which is better than the animal sacrifices which were only innocent he can also take away our sins instead of the Hebrew scriptures' animal sacrifices that only temporarily covered sins of those who brought sacrifices. God sovereinly arranged that Jesus was at this time given the scroll for the book of Esais (Isaiah) where Jesus opened to Isaiah 61 where a key Messianic passage. Jesus said the Spirit of the Lord is upon me which was true for him since the time of his then recently fulfilled baptism which included the Spirit coming upon him. This would give Jesus more power from God for His public ministry although He himself was also God come in the flesh in the Person of the Divine Son of God the Father. Jesus said also that God had annointed him to preach the gospel to the poor which probably includes the poor in spirit as well as the materially poor. God's annointing him is again by the Holy Spirit and that is where Jesus gets the title Christ or Messiah which both mean the annointed one. This does not mean he just has a mystical "Christ spirit" as other people like Buddha are supposed to have received. Christ or Messiah means he was annointed of God to be at least the initial part, the suffering part, of the sent one to redeem the Jewish people and the Saviour of the nations through his death and resurrection after living a sinless life. Jesus will complete his annointed work in his second coming and time on earth in the Messianic Kingdom and then in eternity. Jesus also came to look after the practical or physical and emotional needs of the afflicted and needy including to heal the brokenhearted with his love, care and attention and to preach deliverance to the captives which could include legal prisoners or those who are prisoners of Satan and the recovery of sight to the blind and to set at liberty them that are bruised which probably talks about physical afflictions in general. Jesus also said he came to preach the acceptable year of the Lord which would be mostly his saying it was the time for him to fulfill the basis for God's salvation for the world and redemption for Israel in his going to the cross to die for our sins and then to rise again. Jesus then closed the book and everybody were watching him to see what he would then say and do. Jesus then made it quite clear and certainly didn't hide or deny it that he claimed to be Messiah by saying he was then or in the then soon future to fulfill that scipture. All the Jews in the audience as well as elsewhere in Israel would understand that this was a Messianic passage and Jesus in applying it to himself was claiming to be Messiah. The scripture reference for this topic about Jesus reading this Messianic passage in a synagogue and applying it to himself is as follows:

Scripture Reference from Luke 4 of the Lord Jesus Christ (the Messiah) Reading from Isaiah a Passage About the Messiah and Applying it to Himself

And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and stood up for to read. And there was delivered unto him the book of the prophet Esais (Isaiah). And when he had opened the book, he found the place where it was written, The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath annointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised, To preach the acceptable year of the Lord. And he closed the book, and he gave it again to the minister, and sat down. And the eyes of all them that were in the synagogue were fastened on him. And he began to say unto them, This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears. Gospel of Luke 4:16-21

The Lord Jesus Christ Gives the Temple as a Sign Referring to His Body About His Resurrection in Gospel of John 2

The Lord Jesus Christ did a miracle and cleansed the temple from the commercial activities the first time some of the Jewish religious authorities asked Jesus for a sign of who he was or that he was authorized from God. Jesus gave the sign that if the Jewish authorities destroyed the temple he would raise it up again. They thought Jesus was referring to the inanimate temple of stone built on the temple mount in Jerusalem which of course they would not want to destroy and that it would be difficult to rebuild in three days. However Jesus was referring to the temple of his body which the Jewish religious leaders and the Romans representing the Gentiles destroyed on the cross when Jesus died for our sins then Jesus and God the Father raised up Jesus from the dead with his resurrection body on the third day. In a way the Jews did at least compel God to destroy the stone temple then standing when their leadership rejected the Lord Jesus as Messiah and it will be in this third millennium that Jesus will build the new Millennial Temple of Ezekiel after his second coming as in Zechariah 6. Later on when Jesus was also asked by the Jewish religious authorities for a sign of his authority from God he gave another sign referring to his death and resurrection. The scripture in John 2 of the Lord Jesus Christ using the sign of the temple being destroyed and rebuilt in three days as a sign that he would die physically and be raised from the dead on the third day as a sign from God as follows:

Scripture Reference from John 2 of the Lord Jesus Christ Using the Temple of Stone on the Temple MOunt as a Sign of His Then Upcoming Death on the Cross and Ressurrection

Then answered the Jews and said unto him, What sign shewest thou unto us, seeing that thou doest these things? Jesus answered the Jews and said unto them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up. Then said the Jews, Forty and six years was this temple in building, and wilt thou rear it up in three days? But he spake of the temple of his body. Gospel of John 2:18-21

Jesus Tells Some Demons Not to Mention His Divinity to People in Mark 1

Jesus went into a synagogue to preach and attend the service in Capernaum which was a main place where he had part of his public ministry. The scripture here says that even in the synagogue there was a man with an unclean spirit or demon. There are probably many other people in churches or synagogues as well of course other religious buildings that have unclean spirits or demons certainly in some cases if the people aren't saved. When Jesus was about to cast the unclean spirit out of the man, the spirit said that Jesus was the Holy One of God. This was and is true but Jesus didn't want the people to hear the unreliable testimony of the unclean spirit but to believe in JEsus from His own preaching or personal witness. The scripture reference from Mark 1 of Jesus telling the unclean spirit not to testify of Jesus but to come out of the possessed man is as follows.

Scripture Reference from Mark 1 of Unclean Spirit Testifying of Jesus and Jesus Telling the Spirit to Be Quiet and Come OUt of the Possessed Man

And there was in the synagogue a man with an unclean spirit; and he cried out, Saying, Let us alone; what have we to do with thee, thou Jesus of Nazareth? are thou come to destroy us? I know the who thou art, the Holy One of God. And Jesus rebuked him, saying, Hold thy peace, and come out of him. Gospel of Mark 1:23-25

The Lord Jesus Christ Heals a Paralyzed Man and Affirms He Has Power to Forgive Sins From Gospel of Luke 5

Even though the Pharisees and doctors of the law had come out to watch Jesus and to see what he would do at this point in the beginning of his public ministry he carried on with his ministry including healing and affirming his position as Messiah, Son of God or God incarnate. At this point some men tried to bring a paralyzed man and put him in front of Jesus to bring his attention to him for healing. When these men could not get through the crowd they went up to the roof of the house where Jesus was with the paralyzed man and broke or removed some of the roof so they could let the paralyzed man down in front of Jesus. This showed faith on their part as well as the paralyzed man because they made this significant effort to bring the paralyzed man before Jesus in the belief Jesus could heal him. In response to this and Jesus noticing their faith he said to the paralyzed man that his sins were forgiven. The scribes and Pharisees then began to think these things over and believing that Jesus was just a man accused him of blasphemy which is a man taking the role or authority of God. This is because they rightly noted that only God has the authority to forgive sins that is in a final and ultimate way. If they had understood that Jesus was the Son of God, their Messiah and God in the flesh they would have acknowledged that Jesus could rightfully forgive sins. Jesus understood their thoughts which could have been partly by regular understanding but partly by divine knowledge asked them why they were thinking these reasonings. Jesus then associated his healing of the paralytic man with his healing him by asking which of these are easier, implying they were both a sign of God's working through Jesus. Jesus then made it an issue to indicate that his healing of the paralyzed man showed he also had authority to forgive him by then commanding the paralyzed man to get up and go into his house. The paralyzed man then immediately got up took up his bed or mat and went to his house praising God. The people reacted well by being astonished and glorifying or praising God and had the fear of God. This fear was not the panicky fear of the wicked but the revernt fear of those who honour God. The Pharisees and scribes are not described as how they reacted but they would probably be upset thinking Jesus had done this presumptuously or blasphemously as they for the most part hadn't acknolwedged the truth of Jesus being God in the flesh and their Messiah. The scripture of Jesus healing the paralyzed man and using this as an indication that he had power to forgive sins in Luke 5 is as follows:

Scripture Reference from Luke 5 of the Lord Jesus Christ Healing a Paralyzed Man and Using His Healing Him as a Sign that Jesus Has Authority to Forgive Sins

And it came to pass on a certain day, as he was teaching, that there were Pharisees and doctors of the law sitting by, which were come out of every town of Galilee, and Judaea, and Jerusalem: and the power of the Lord was present to heal them. And, behold, men brought in a bed a man which was taken with a palsy: and they sought means to bring him in, and to lay him before him. And when they could not find by what way they might bring him in because of the multitude, they went upon the housetop, and let him down through the tiling with his couch into the midst before Jesus. And when he saw their faith, he said unto him, Man, thy sins be forgiven thee. And the scribes and the Pharisees began to reason, saying, Who is this which speaketh blasphemies? Who can forgive sins, but God alone? But when Jesus perceived their thoughts, he answering said unto them, What reason ye in your hearts? Whether is easier, to say, Thy sins be forgiven thee; or to say, Rise up and walk? But that ye may know that the Son of man hath power upon earth to forgive sins, (he said unto the sick of the palsy,) I say unto thee, Arise, and take up thy couch, and go into thy house. And immediately he rose up before them, and took up that whereon he lay, and departed to his own house, glorifying God. And they were all amazed, and they glorified God, and were filled with fear, saying, We have seen strange things to day. Gospel of Luke 5: 17-26

Calling of His Twelve Disciples by the Lord Jesus Christ(Messiah) at the Beginning of His Public Ministry in Gospel of Luke 6

It should be noted that Jesus didn't just go ahead with decisions even though he was the Son of God from Heaven but spent time in prayer with his and the believers' heavenly father for direction and wisdom etc. first. If Jesus did this with his own great wisdom and understanding how much more should those of us who are his people with much more limited wisdom and understanding seek God's boundless wisdom and understanding. Although the Bible doesn't tell us how many disciples Jesus had at this time he must have had more than twelve because the scripture here said he chose twelve of his disciples from among them and called them apostles. An apostle according to Strong's concordance means "a delegate" or "an ambassador of the Gospel with miraculous powers". The twelve apostles are then named which are namely: Simon (Peter), Andrew, James and John, Philip and Bartholomew, Matthew and Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon called Zelotes, and Judas the brother of James and Judas Iscariot of course who later betrayed Jesus. Jesus then came down to present his apostles to his other disciples and a multitude of people from Jerusalem and Judaea and from the coastal cities of Tyre and Sidon in what is now Lebanon. These people came to hear Jesus or to be healed from him of their diseases of demon possession. Then they were healed of their diseases or demon possession. Jesus often apparently healed people of diseases or demon possession by letting them touch him or from other scriptures sometimes by his word. Probably a significant part of the purpose of Jesus calling out his apostles was so they could share some of his duties or work of healing people of their diseases or demon possession as well as doing some teaching. The scripture reference from Gospel of Luke 6 of the Lord Jesus Christ (Messiah) calling some of his disciples to be his apostles is as follows:

Scripture Reference from Gospel of Luke 6 of the Lord Jesus Christ (the Messiah) Calling 12 Apostles From Among His Disciples to Help Him in His Public Ministry

And it came to pass in those days, that he went out into a mountain to pray, and continued all night in prayer to God. And when it was day, he called unto him his disciples: and of them he chose twelve, whom he named apostles; Simon, (whom he also named Peter,) and Andrew his brother, James and John, Philip and Bartholomew, Matthew and Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon called Zelotes, And Judas the brother of James, and Judas Iscariot, which also was the traitor. And he came down with them, and stood in the plain, and the company of his disciples, and a great multitude of people out of all Judaea and Jerusalem, and from the sea coast of Tyre and Sidon, which came to hear him, and to be healed of their diseases; And they that were vexed with unclean spirits: and they were healed. And the whole multitude sought to touch him: for there went virtue out of him, and healed them all. Gospel of Luke 6:12-19

God Promises Through Moses that He Would Soon Use Him to Visit and Deliver His Earthly People Physically from Egypt Exodus 4

One thing that Moses and his brother Aaron did when God called Moses to deliver His chosen Earthly people Israel from the physical deliverance from physical bondage of Egypt was to mention God's plan to deliver Israel to the leaders (elders) of Israel. This was to get the elders or leaders of Israel on board in God's plan through Moses and Aaron to visit or deliver Israel from physical bondage of Egypt and lead them to their promised physical land of Israel. As a result the leaders of Israel seemed to accept God's plan through Moses for God to deliver His chosen Earthly people Israel and the people of Israel then believed God and worshipped God as a nation. The scripture reference from Exodus 4 of God's chosen leaders of Israel at that time Moses and Aaron sharing what God had called them to with the other leaders of Israel at that time Moses and Aaron sharing what God had called them to with the other leaders of Israel that resulted in the people believing in God's soon physical deliverance of His chosen earthly people Israel from physical bondage of Egypt to bring them into Israel's chosen earthly inheritance the land of Israel formerly the land of Canaan is as follows:

Scripture Reference from Exodus 4 of God's Leader's of Israel Moses and Aaron to Share with other Leaders of Israel of God's Promises Visiting and Deliverance of His Chosen Earthly People Israel from Physical Bondage of Egypt to the Promised Land of Israel and the People of Israel Believing Them and Worshipping God

And Moses and Aaron went and gathered together all the elders of the children of Israel; And Aaron spake all the words which the LORD had spoken unto Moses, and did the signs in the sight of the people. And the people believed: and when they heard that the LORD had visited the children Israel, and that he had looked upon their affliction, then they bowed their heads and worshipped. Exodus 4:29-31

Mention of God Visiting His People with Regard to the Lord Jesus Christ and His Miracles and Preparing Israel and then Nations for God's Spiritual Deliverance through Jesus from Luke 7

One of the people that the Bible specifically mentions that the Lord Jesus Christ raised from the dead was a young man in the city of Nain. Jesus had done some miracles before this but some of the other people like Lazarus that Jesus raised from the dead were later on. When Jesus raised this man from the dead and in view of some of HIs other miracles some of the people of Israel glorified or worshipped God and exclaimed that this was an indication of God's visitation of the people of Israel to bless and deliver them. Although many of them probably thought this would be more a physical visitation or deliverance like God did through Moses much earlier they were coming to understand that Jesus was exceptional and God had raised him up to bring some deliverance to Israel. However Jesus was well aware that God the Father had raised him up at that time principally to bring spiritual visitation or deliverance to Israel which was later offered to the nations through the Church as well as to Jews through the Church in the present and almost ended Church age. Of course this spiritual visitation or deliverance of God through Jesus was most fully realized when the Lord Jesus Christ died on the cross for our sins and to deliver us from Satan's power and when he on the third day rose from the dead to be able to offer us God's new life in Christ and by His Holy Spirit. It is good to notice that God the Father through His Son the Lord Jesus Christ chose not to immediately get the Jewish religious leaders such as the scribes and Pharisees and Saduccees on board with him at the time unlike God focused on in his visitation of Israel through Moses. The scripture reference of God's spiritual deliverance through the Lord Jesus Christ and the people of Israel that witnessed the beginning of it worshipping God in Luke 7 is as follows:

Scripture Reference from Luke 7 of the Beginning of God's Spiritual Visitation and Deliverance first of Israel Through His Son Jesus Christ and Their Worshipping God

And he that was dead sat up, and began to speak. And he delivered him to his mother. And there came a fear on all: and they glorified God, saying, That a great prophet is risen up among us; and, That God hath visited his people. And this rumour of him went forth throughout all Judaea, and throughout all the region round about. And the disciples of John shewed him of all these things. Gospel of Luke 7:15-18

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