From my study of the Gospel of Matthew and the Bible there is only one other reference in the Gospel of Matthew, Matthew 19:28, with the expression sitteth on the throne of his glory referring to the Lord Jesus the Messiah and it is also in connection with His sitting in the Temple after His second coming and the Battle of Armageddon at His judgment of people who survived that time in the other Matthew reference in the case of the judgment of the surviving Jews while here it is the judgment of surviving Gentiles or people of the Nations. There is also one other reference in the Bible Jeremiah 14:21 with the expression sitting on the throne of thy glory" which refers to the LORD or God the Father near the end of the Kingdom of Judah and could refer to the LORD sitting on the throne of His glory in the Holy of holies in the then still standing First or Solomon's Temple in Jerusalem or it could refer to the LORD (God the Father) on His throne in Heaven. From references of the LORD and His Messiah (Christ) Jesus mentioned especially in the Old Testament in my webpage Dwelling Place of Messiah Jesus in the Messianic Age it can be seen that it is quite common in the scriptures to refer to the Messianic Age Temple as the throne or ruling place of the LORD or His Messiah the King. Jesus could also have this in mind when he uses the expression of himself sitting of the king sitting on the throne of his glory.
The expression the Son of man shall come in his glory and all the holy angels with him refers to the coming again from heaven in power and great glory of the Lord Jesus the Messiah (Christ) at the end of the Great Tribulation or 70th Week of Daniel in order to judge the world and establish God's 1000 year Messianic Kingdom on earth. God the Father and believers who have died previously of all ages including all true Christians will also come with him then. The expression before him in before him will be gathered all nations would literally as well as figuratively be true is the location of these nations before Messiah Jesus and God the Father is the Valley of Jehoshaphat or the Valley of Kidron that is between Jerusalem and the Temple Mount on one side and the Mount of Olives on the other side as spoken of in Joel 3. This expression also says all nations are gathered before him. But who does the gathering? From some other references in the Gospel of Matthew it is clear the holy angels will gather both the saved and lost of the nations and this will be to face this judgment before the Son of man the Lord Jesus the Messiah (Christ) the Son of God in the Valley of Jehoshaphat just outside and before the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. Jesus will then separate the sheep the faithful to Him and who treated his brethren the Jews well in the tribulation to the right from the unfaithful to Him to the left who are the goats and who neglected or mistreated His brethren the Jews when they were being persecuted by the Antichrist in the tribulation. The scripture reference from Gospel of Matthew 25 of the Lord Jesus the Messiah(Christ) returning from heaven to earth to sit on the throne of his glory in the Temple in Jerusalem and have brought before him all the people of the nations at the end of the tribulation and beginning of the Messianic Age is as follows:
When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory: And before him shall be gathered all nations: and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats: And he shall set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on his left. Gospel of Matthew 25:31-33
It should be noted that Jesus refers to Himself as King in this judgment which of course means that he has his (Messianic) Kingdom to offer. Those blessed of my Father that Jesus mentions are those Gentiles or people of the nations who treat his brethren the Jews well and Gentiles or people of the nations that trust in Him well in the tribulation. His brethren would include His primary witnesses in the tribulation the two witnessses, Moses and Elijah and the 144,000 witnesses who will also all be Jewish believers in Jesus and Jesus' brethren. The kingdom prepared for them before the foundation of the world is in this case the 1000 year Messianic Kingdom of God's reign over all the earth through His Son and Messiah (Christ) Jesus that will begin at the end of the tribulation or 70 week of Daniel when Jesus the Messiah and God the Father, the holy angels and believers (saints) of different ages including all Church Age saints come from Heaven to Earth to establish God's Millennial Kingdom. Jesus then mentions some acts of charity or practical love that show the tribulation age believers faith in him by the way they treat his brethren especially Jews especially those who believe in Him. These acts of charity include giving them food, giving them drink, taking them in or giving them refuge or shelter, giving them clothing, visiting them when they are sick or in prison. Jesus says that as believers or sheep in the tribulation did all these things to Jews and believers in Him Jewish or Gentile in the tribulation they did it unto Him and He will be deeply grateful. It should be kept in mind that all Jews especially believers in Jesus and all Gentiles that believe in Jesus will be severely persecuted by the Antichrist and the False Prophet and his worldwide government in the tribulation which will cause them to have a hard time finding regular food, drink and clothing and shelter and will cause some of the sickness and arrests and charges in the tribulation especially the second half that are mentioned here. This persecution will also be caused because they will refuse to worship the beast (the Antichrist) or his image or take his mark so they won't be able to buy or sell in a normal way.
The worldwide present use of the bar code or Universal Product Code and the imminent use of RFID (Radio Frequency Identification Devices) on virtually all products could help explain how there could be a world system where people couldn't buy or sell except they receive the mark of the beast (the Antichrist). This will include the likelihood that something like the RFID microchip and antenna will be implanted under people's skin in their hands and foreheads to store information and track them as just another product and to be registered to use the world economic system products or services legally in the tribulation especially the second half of it. In October 2004 the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) made a ruling that legalized receiving microchip implants under the skin for people especially to store medical information in the United States. This is an indication that the Mark of the Beast system is near and could be implemented soon and also of the type of excuses that could be used to get people to take the mark of the beast although I don't know how much God would count taking the current RFID chips under the skin would count with him as taking the Mark of the Beast and selling one's soul to the devil as in Revelation 14 but I certainly wouldn't advise it for anyone and would avoid it at all costs.
The righteous sheep are then reply to the Lord Jesus in a bewildered way that they can't think of when they helped out the Lord Jesus to give him food, drink, clothing, shelter or visit him in prison or when he was sick not realizing at first that what they had done in these things to His brethren Jews or believing Gentiles they had done it unto him in his sight. Jesus will then reply that as much as they had done these practical acts of love or charity to the least of his brethren they had done it unto him and showed faith in Him in the tribulation probably especially the second half of the tribulation or the Great Tribulation. The scripture reference from Matthew 25 of Jesus treating the acts of charity to his brethren Jews and believing Gentiles in the tribulation as unto him is as follows:
Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world: For I was hungered, and ye gave me meat (food): I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink: I was a stranger, and ye took me in: Naked, and ye clothed me: I was sick, and ye visited me: I was in prison, and ye came unto me. Then shall the righteous answer him, saying, Lord, when saw we thee sick, or in prison, and came unto thee? And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily (truly) I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done it unto me. Matthew 25:34-40
Jesus on the other hand will say to those on this left side, to the goats, to depart into everlasting fire prepared for the devil and his angels and calls them cursed because they were human beings in the tribulation who ignored or persecuted or mocked his brethren - Jews believers in Him or not and believing Gentiles or people of the nations. This belief in Jesus will include those people personally refusing to worship the worldwide dictator, probably based in Europe, the Antichrist or the Beast (of the Sea) or to receive his mark or worship his image. The reason some of the goats will refuse to help Jesus brethren will be because they personally don't want to be persecuted or be deprived or life's basic elements like food, drink, clothing, shelter or health or a good police record even though that will then mean being in collusion or cooperation with the corrupt world system under the Antichrist or Beast then. Jesus then goes on to mention that the goats gave him no meat (food), or drink, or shelter, or clothing, or visited him in prison. As with the sheep who helped his brethren, the goats will not realize at first that there actions towards his brethren or lack of it in this case will be treated by Jesus as how they treated Him in the tribulation especially the second half. The goats will also like the sheep call Jesus "Lord" but he will not regard their designation of him as Lord genuine as he will for the sheep because the goats will not help his brethren (or so help Him). Jesus concludes that the goats who oppose or ignore his brethren by not helping them in giving them what they need for basic human needs in this time of persecution by the Antichrist or Beast in the tribulation will be cast into everlasting punishment but the righteous will go into everlasting life which will start with the 1000 year Messianic Kingdom on earth then the eternal Kingdom of God and Jesus. The scripture reference from Matthew 25 of Jesus condemning the goats to everlasting fire or hell and the lake of fire for their not looking after his brethren, Jews and believing Gentiles, in the tribulation is as follows:
Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels: For I was an hungered, and ye gave me no meat (food): I was thirsty, and ye gave me no drink: I was a stranger, and ye took me not in: naked, and ye clothed me not: sick, and in prison, and ye visited me not. Then shall they also answer him, saying, Lord, when saw we thee an hungered, or athirst, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison, and did not minister unto thee? Then shall he answer them, saying, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye did it not to one of the least of these, ye did it not to me. And these shall go away into everlasting punishment: but the righteous into life eternal. Matthew 25:41-46
The Son of man coming in heaven which will be a clear display of Jesus' divinity as the Son of God will occur at the end of the tribulation when He comes to judge the world at that time. The expression Son of man, in reference to the Messiah, was originally from Daniel 7:13-14 and clearly speaks of the Messiah coming from heaven to judge the world and set up God's Kingdom on earth. When Jesus the Messiah and the Son of God comes from heaven the (unbelieving part of) all the tribes of the earth will mourn because they will then fully realize that Jesus is the Son of God and God's Messiah or Annointed One and the only one through which we can have access to God and the way to heaven, eternal life, forgiveness of sins, salvation and a relationship with God and if they neglected or rejected Jesus as God's only way of salvation up to the end of the tribulation they would realize then that their fate of eternal condemnation was sealed and there ideas of living without God or Jesus and possibly just for self-indulgence will then end with a very heavy and eternal condemning price. Jesus will then come in the clouds of glory which could be clouds resembling earthly clouds, clouds of angels and believers or both and part of the power and great glory will be not only that displayed personally on the glorified Jesus as the crowned Son of God and Messiah of Israel and King and Saviour of the world but with God the Father in His Shekinah glory coming with Jesus, holy angels and believers including those of the Church age or saints at that time from heaven to earth. Then at Jesus Second Coming at the end of the tribulation or 70th week of Daniel God and Jesus will send His angels with a great sound of a trumpet and gather his believers on earth from one end to the other and bring them to Jerusalem for the judgment of the sheep and the goats where they will be the sheep if they are believing Gentiles and they will be rewarded to reign with Jesus in the Messianic Kingdom for 1000 years. Probably the angels will then also gather those Jews who trust in Jesus as their Messiah in the tribulation and they will also settle earth in the Messianic Kingdom when Jesus and the 12 apostles judge the 12 tribes of Israel at the end of the tribulation from the Temple or House of the Lord overlooking the Valley of Kidron or Valley of Jehoshaphat. The scripture reference in Matthew 24 of the scriptural explanation of how God will bring believing Jews and Gentiles to the judgments of the sheep and the goats and of the 12 tribes of Israel before Jesus who will then be sitting in the Temple on the throne of his glory in Jerusalem from Matthew 24 is as follows:
And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. And he shall send his angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other. Matthew 24:30-31
Although Jesus doesn't explain most of the parables in the scriptures but just lets us use the best scriptural context and teaching of the Holy Spirit to interpret them in the parable of the wheat and the tares he not only explains it to his disciples but records the explanation in the scriptures so we need not have any doubt as to its interpretation. Jesus said he that sowed the good seed or the wheat is Himself the Son of man and the one that sowed the tares was the wicked one or Satan and the tares are the children of the wicked one or the ungodly while the wheat or good seed are the children of the kingdom or believers. Jesus further says the field is the world, the harvest is the end of the world and the reapers are the angels.The children of the kingdom referred to here will not be Christians but believers since we will be raptured to Heaven before the end of the world or end of the tribulation. These children of the kingdom referred to here will be those people who become believers in Jesus as a result of the preaching of the gospel of the kingdom of Jesus soon return by the 2 Olive trees Moses and Elijah of Revelation 11 and the 144,000 Jewish believers in Jesus who will also be preaching the gospel in the tribulation. Jesus also said as the tares are gathered and cast in the fire, so shall it be at the end of the world meaning unbelievers on earth at the end of the tribulation after the Battle of Armageddon and after they are declared goats at the judgment of the sheep and the goats before Jesus in Jerusalem will be gathered and cast into everlasting fire or hell. This judgment of the tares will also be for their neglecting or rejecting to trust in Jesus by helping Jews and believing Gentiles in the tribulation who will be persecuted by the Antichrist for their faith in God and His Messiah(Jesus) and for not worshipping the beast or his image or taking his mark. It is important to note the whole earth is called God's or His Messiah Jesus the Son of man's Kingdom here not the jurisdiction of ungodly or other humans primarily and unsaved people and the devil would have us believe. The tares will also be judged and gathered out of God and His Messiah or Son of God Jesus' Kingdom because they offend and do or practice iniquity or lawlessness for which there will be much more temptation for in the tribulation with the Holy Spirit and the effect of the conscience taken out of the way and more evil spirits or demons and the devil more active to tempt people on earth. Jesus then mentions quite clearly some of the nature of the torments of hell for the tares or the goats who continue to indulge in sin throughout the tribulation and ignore God's messengers then and don't help his people but probably also worship the beast or his image or take his mark. Jesus finally says that the children of the kingdom or the good seed (or the sheep or his elect) or people who become believers in God and Jesus that He died for also their sins on the cross and rose from the dead to give them new life and then would be coming back soon in power and great glory to judge the world and set up His kingdom for his people will then be permitted to continue to live on earth in God and Jesus' 1000 year Messianic Kingdom (and then on the new earth forever) unhindered by the ungodly behaviour, laws or persecution or the ungodly or wicked people or the devil. Jesus also calls the Messianic Kingdom the Kingdom of their the righteous people's Father meaning God is their heavenly Father as He is in a similiar but slightly different way for Christians or believers of this age but that isn't true for those who are still or who stay unbelievers or wicked. The scripture reference from Matthew 13 of the connection of the parable of the wheat and the tares to the parable of the sheep and the goats and God's judgment at the end of the tribulation is as follows:
Then Jesus sent the multitude away, and went into the house: and his disciples came unto him, saying, Declare unto us the parable of the tares of the field. He answered and said unto them, He that soweth the good seed is the Son of man; The field is the world; the good seed are the children of the kingdom; but the tares are the children of the wicked one; The enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels. As therefore the tares are gathered and burned in the fire; so shall it be in the end of this world. The Son of man shall send forth his angels, and they shall gather out of his kingdom all things that offend, and them which do iniquity; And shall cast them into a furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth. Then shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Who hath ears to hear, let him hear. Matthew 13:36-43
Jesus says of the day of his second coming in glory no man knows the day or the hour not even the angels in heaven. Although even as believers we can't know the day or hour when Jesus will come again for His second coming at the end of the tribulation or for His coming for the church just before the 7 year tribulation starts, according to scripture like 1 Thessalonians 5 we can know the approximate time, the times and seasons that the world not being born again and searching the scriptures and having the Holy Spirit to enlighten us to the meaning of the scriptures and their relation to current events can't understand what is happening in the world as accurately. Also when the rapture happens the Book of Daniel and Revelation make it quite clear that there will be exactly or very close to 7 years (on the Jewish calendar of 360 days in a year) between the rapture of the Church and the Second Coming in glory of the Lord Jesus Christ from Heaven with His Church (and holy angels and God the Father) so the uncertainty of the day or the hour of Jesus coming is greatest before the rapture and tribulation although the day and hour is referring more to Jesus's Second coming than the rapture about 7 years earlier. Jesus then makes a comparison of the days of Noah and the ungodly world that God judged with the worldwide flood and the days of the coming of the Son of man or the days of the world at the end of the tribulation just before Jesus comes from heaven to judge the world and set up God's Kingdom on earth. The days of Noah are described in Genesis 6. God also describes the people on earth before the flood of Noah as eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage. This might not sound too bad until it is compared with our current society where a lot of those practices are done without any thought or part for God or Jesus or His word - the Holy Bible or thanking Him or living for Him. I think part of the idea is that they were abusing these things such as in drunkeness and gluttony and possibley homosexuality or polygamy which in many cases are with us already and will surely be even more common at the end of the tribulation. Jesus also confirms the people didn't generally acknowledge or take any thought for God or His word, as will also be generally the case in the world, before Jesus' Second Coming because they knew not that God would judge them for their sin and unbelief even though Noah had been warning them of God's judgment by a flood for the 40 year leading up to the flood to come with him into the ark. God will also protect people who become believers in the tribulation as he protected Noah and his family but Enoch who was raptured to heaven just before the flood in Genesis 5 is an even better picture of the Church being raptured to Heaven before the tribulation.
There could be some more serious reason for God's judgment of the world before the flood that is also happening know and especially since 1947 or so in our day. This is when we connect the marrying and giving in marriage in Matthew 24 with the expression the sons of God took the daughters of men as their wives. Although this could mean different things the expression sons of God is sometimes used in the Old Testament for angels such as Job 38:7 or sometimes mostly or at least featuring fallen angels such as Job 1:6 and Job 2:1. This is probably what is meant by the expression sons of God took the daughters of men to wives, namely that fallen angels married and had sex with human woman and produced a race of grotesque, unnatural, violent giants. This is probably a main reason for God's judgment of the world before the flood of Noah. This intrusion of fallen angels or demons into human society has probably been happening again since about 1947 with the Roswell incident if that was genuine with at least some of the UFO and Alien or Extraterrestrial stories that can't be discounted by natural phenomena or psychology or normal aircraft or spacecraft. This includes some very credible stories of abduction of humans by aliens in some of which the human victims still have scars from claimed alien operation on them including sometimes in the reproductive areas. This could be to prepare demons that are probably masqerading as the aliens and the UFOs to have sex again with human women in the tribulation and bring a further cause for God's judgment and parallel with the days of Noah.
However I think the comparison of the flood of Noah to the Coming of the Son of man is more specifically to Jesus actual second coming and the taking of unbelievers or the wicked to hell or everlasting fire at the end of the tribulation to hell after the Battle of Armageddon and the Judgment of the Sheep and the Goats. This is similiar to the unbelievers or wicked in the days of Noah who didn't repent at Noah's preaching being taken by the waters of God's judgment of the worldwide flood. In this case the one being left of two women grinding at the mill is the one left to populate God's Messianic Kingdom on Earth as Noah and his family were also left to populate the earth after God's judgment or the ungodly with the worldwide flood. I don't think the interpretation of some Bible interpreters who say the one who is taken are Christians taken in the rapture and the one left behind are unbelievers to face God's judgment fits the context as well here or in other parts of the gospel as I think is plain also from the rest of this web page. This also applies to the two people in the field with one being taken and one left. Jesus again then encourages us to watch in view of our not knowing what hour our Lord will come. Again I think this is referring especially to people living in the tribulation after all the true or born again Christians are already raptured to heaven before it starts but that Christians should also watch what is going on in the world with studying God's word - the Holy Bible to have some idea how soon the rapture and following tribulation will happen so we can witness to unsaved loved ones or neighbours and live holy lives for rewards or crowns not to avoid going through the tribulation which will only happen for people who haven't trusted in Jesus with our heart as our Saviour who died for our sins and rose from the dead to give us new life. Jesus then compares believers to goodmen or stewards of the house who are entrusted with looking after the house (the world) while their master (Jesus) is away. Jesus is also represented by the thief who comes unexpectedly when the goodman might not be aware especially if he or she isn't watching the house and watching for His Lord to return. Finally Jesus urges his people to be ready for His return in view of the uncertainty of the time of his return. The scripture reference of the uncertaintly of the time of the Second Coming of Jesus Christ and the comparison of the days before His return with the days before the flood of Noah in Matthew 24 is as follows:
But of that day and hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels of heaven, but my Father only. But as the days of Noe (Noah) were, so shall also the coming of the Son of man be. For as in the days that were before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark, And knew not until the flood came, and took them all away; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be. Then shall two be in the field; the one shall be taken, and the other left. Two women shall be grinding at the mill; the one shall be taken, and the other left. Watch therefore: for ye know not what hour your Lord doth come. But know this, that if the goodman of the house had known in what watch the thief would come, he would have watched, and would not have suffered his house to be broken up. Therefore be ye also ready: for in such an hour as ye think not the Son of man cometh. Matthew 24:36-44
As is the case in other parts of the gospels, Jesus uses a question from one of his disciples or sometimes other people to reveal spiritual or heavenly truth in this case some details of God's judgment. The apostle Peter mentions to Jesus that he and the other 11 disciples have forsaken all for His sake and asks Jesus what he or God will give them in return for their sacrifice. Jesus replied that in the regeneration, which means the rebirth of the world back to God which will occur at the end of the tribulation, He will allow the 12 disciples to sit with him on 12 thrones judging the 12 tribes of Israel. This will most likely be on the Temple Mount or courtyard since the place is called "the throne of his glory". This expression is only also used in the scripture in Matthew 25 in connection with the judgment of the sheep of the goats that will also take place at the end of the Great Tribulation or 70th Week of Daniel and Battle of Armageddon. Also a similiar expression is used of God's throne is used in Jeremiah 14:21. Also as can be seen in my web page Dwelling Place of Messiah Jesus in the Messianic Age of God the Father (the LORD) and His Messiah Jesus dwelling in, ruling and receiving worship from Israel and the nations in the Messianic Age, the throne of God's glory would refer to God and Jesus dwelling in and ruling and judging from His throne in the Messianic Age or Ezekiel's Temple. The likelihood that Jesus is referring to His judging the twelve tribes of Israel from the Messianic Age temple increases if one considers that Jesus here uses the expression "The Son of man" for himself. This expression is from Daniel 7:13-14 and refers to Jesus the Messiah coming from Heaven to Earth to judge the world at the end of the tribulation. From other scriptures as given in my web page, The Dwelling Place of Messiah Jesus in the Messianic Age, it is clear that the first place Jesus comes to settle down in the Messianic Age is in the Messianic Age Temple on the Temple Mount. This gives further reason to view the Messianic Age Temple as the place this judgment of the 12 tribes of Israel at the beginning of the Messianic Age will take place. The nations and the Jews of the tribulation will all be gathered in the Kidron Valley or Valley of Jehoshaphat before Jesus on the throne of his glory in the Temple courtyard at the beginning of the Messianic Age. The Kidron Valley or Valley of Jehoshaphat is named after the Brook Kidron that flows through it to the Dead Sea and after one of the southern kingdom of Judah's more righteous kings. This valley is between the Temple and Temple Mount and the Mount of Olives (and Mount Scopus). Of course, Judas Iscariot was one of the 12 disciples and never repented for betraying Jesus and so will not be one of the 12 disciples or apostles. From Acts 1 the replacement apostle or disciple who will judge one of the tribes of Israel will be Matthias. Possibly because Matthias isn't mentioned elsewhere in the New Testament and as far as I know wasn't used too much by God the replacement disciples who will judge one of the 12 tribes of Israel will be the Apostle Paul. Jesus also mentions in this connection that everyone who has forsaken houses, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands for his name's sake will receive an hundredfold and inherit everlasting life. The context is not just everlasting life but also to be rewarded with some authority or abundance in the Messianic Age. This will also be true for those Christians in the Church Age who suffer loss for Jesus's sake. It is understood in all these things that these are people who have already placed their faith in Jesus for salvation and doing good works to show thanksgiving for God's forgiveness and eternal life and to be qualified for rewards. Jesus also says many that shall be first shall be last and the last shall be first depending on whether we are saved or not and whether we use what spiritual gifts or opportunities for Christian service well or not even if we don't have much of this world's goods or influence or popularity or fame. However Jesus said many that are first shall be last. He didn't say all that are first shall be last as there are some but not too many that are well off in this world that use there wealth, influence, popularity or fame wholly for God and Jesus's glory and service and they will also be first in the Messianic Age and eternity among God's people. The scripture reference in Matthew 19 of Jesus with his 12 disciples judging the 12 tribes of Israel from the throne of his glory on the Temple Mount at the beginning of the Messianic Age (the regeneration) is as follows:
Then answered Peter and said unto him, Behold, we have forsaken all, and followed thee; what shall we have therefore? And Jesus said unto them, Verily I say unto you, That ye which have followed me, in the regeneration when the Son of man shall sit in the throne of his glory, ye also shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel. And every one that hath forsaken houses, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for my name's sake, shall inherit everlasting life. But many that are first shall be last; and the last shall be first. Matthew 19:27-30
At the end of the tribulation, when many people will already be bitter or hostile against God because of his plagues on people in the tribulation, the nations will gather themselves perhaps with God's encouragement against Him and His people in Jerusalem. They might take as hostages people less hostile to God or God might bring also faithful people of the nations to Jerusalem at this time in their case to have a blessed reward at the judgment of the sheep and the goats. The people of the nations will change their agricultural implements and other peaceful equipment into weapons. The weak, or those who wouldn't normally want to fight, will take courage or even enthusiasm for war at that time and place. The invitation to the nations or the heathen, meaning especially the unbelievers of the nations, will gather themselves or assemble themselves around a place which will be around Jerusalem and the Temple in Jerusalem where the LORD (God the Father) and His Messiah Jesus will come to sit in judgment of the nations and the Jews on earth in the tribulation or 70th week of Daniel. This will set the stage for God taking out the unbelieving people of the nations to everlasting fire based on how they treated Jews or believing Gentiles in the tribulations although believing Gentiles will be given inheritance in the Messianic Age and eternity with God and His Messiah and Son Jesus. It is then stated that the heathen will come up to the Valley of Jehoshaphat (Kidron) which is before the Temple and Temple Mount. God then states he will then and there (in the Temple overlooking the Valley of Jehoshaphat or Kidron Valley) sit (in the throne of his glory) to judge all the heathen round about. God will then judge the ungodly people of the nations for their wickedness including unbelief. The scripture reference of the nations coming against God and Jerusalem and His earthly people Israel and His judging them from His Temple overlooking the Valley of Jehoshaphat at the end of the tribulation in Joel 3 is as follows:
Proclaim ye among the Gentiles; Prepare war, wake up the mighty men, let all the men of war draw near; let them come up: Beat your plowshares into swords, and your pruninghooks into spears: let the weak say, I am strong. Assemble yourselves, and come, all ye heathen, and gather yourselves together round about: thither cause they mighty ones to come down, O LORD. Let the heathen be wakened, and come up to the valley of Jehoshaphat: for there will I sit to judge all the heathen around about. Put ye in the sickle, for the harvest is ripe: come get you down; for the press is full, the vats overflow; for their wickedness is great. Joel 3:9-13
The scripture also says this will be a time and place of decision and it will be a place of decision of God's judgment against the nations for coming up against Him and His holy city Jerusalem and His people the Jews to attack them. This valley of decision is the same as the Valley of Jehoshaphat or Kidron Valley between the Temple and the Mount of Olives. This scripture also says there will be signs in the heavens when all these ungodly or heathen people of the nations come up against Jerusalem to attack it and God and His people. Then the LORD and His Messiah (Christ) Jesus will come from Zion or Jerusalem and bring deliverance or salvation to his earthly people the Jews and believing Gentiles or people of the nations. After God judges the nations and the Jews and lets the believers in His Messiah Jesus remain for the Messianic Kingdom and removes the unfaithful or wicked to hell, God and His Messiah Jesus will continue to dwell in, rule and receive worship from all the remaining Jews and Gentiles as well as the children that will be born of them in the Messianic Age in the Messianic Age or Ezekiel's Temple.
Multitudes, multitudes in the valley of decision: for the day of the LORD is near in the valley of decision. The sun and the moon shall be darkened, and the stars shall withdraw their shining. The LORD also shall roar out of Zion, and utter his voice from Jerusalem; and the heavens and the earth shall shake: but the LORD will be the hope of his people, and the strength of the children of Israel. So shall ye know that I am the LORD your God dwelling in Zion, my holy mountain: then shall Jerusalem be holy, and there shall no strangers pass through her any more. Joel 3:14-17
God will also bless the Earth especially Israel with agricultural and other prosperity and bounty. There will also a fountain that will come forth from house of the LORD (the Jewish Temple in the Messianic Age) to water the valley of Shittim (connected to the Jordan Valley). This fountain will also remove some of the blood and defilement from the people slain in the Valley of Jehoshaphat that are gathered against God in the Battle of Armageddon and are judged for there wickedness against God and His people Israel and believing Gentiles. This fountain, also mentioned in Ezekiel 47, will flow into a brook or river that will miraculously gather more water, depth and strength as it flows from the Temple into the Dead Sea. Since this is also the path of the present Brook Kidron, it will probably follow the path of the Brook Kidron although some geologic changes to the world especially the holy land at the coming of God the Father (the LORD) and His Messiah (Christ) and Son Jesus will take place and possibly make it neccessary for this Messianic Age river to make a slightly different path to the Dead Sea from the Temple than the current Brook Kidron. Shittim was the name of a place on a tributary of the Jordan River on its east side. Although this fountain will probably flow into the current west shore of the Dead Sea, the surface level of the Dead Sea could likely rise to cover some of the plain at the north end of the Dead Sea including the plain on both sides of the Jordan River where the tributary from Shittim and the Valley of Shittim flows into. The scripture reference in Joel 3 of God and His Messiah Jesus bringing salvation to the Jewish people and believing Gentiles and dwelling in His Temple in the Messianic Age and the Temple fountain flowing to cleanse the Valley of Jehoshaphat is as follows:
Multitudes, multitudes in the valley of decision: for the day of the LORD is near in the valley of decision. The son and the moon shall be darkened, and the stars shall withdraw their shining. The LORD also shall roar out of Zion, and utter his voice from Jerusalem; and the heavens and the earth shall shake: but the LORD will be the hope of his people, and the strength of the children of Israel. So shall ye know that I am the LORD your God dwelling in Zioin, my holy mountain: then shall Jerusalem be holy, and there shall no strangers pass through any more. Joel 3:14-17
In the tribulation and the Battle or Armageddon Jerusalem will be attacked and damaged perhaps in a severe way. God promises in this scripture that He will bring about the rebuilding of Jerusalem. This will occur at the beginning of the Messianic Age. The Tower of Hanannel was on the middle of the north side of Jerusalem and gate of corner was at the north east corner of Jerusalem and was either the Miphkad or Muster Gate on the north side of Jerusalem or the East Gate on the East side of Jerusalem. Gareb was a hill near Jerusalem probably in a northwest direction. Goath is another place near Jerusalem likely in a westerly direction. The horse gate was another gate on the east side of Jerusalem further south from the east gate. The valley of dead bodies and of ashes refers to the Kidron Valley or Valley of Jehoshaphat and they will be left from the ungodly people of the nations and their weapons that came against Jerusalem and God and His Messiah and people Israel. The statement that this valley and fields to the brook Kidron will be holy to the LORD probably include the idea they will be cleansed physically and spiritually by the increased waters and river or brook strength of the brook Kidron from the fountain flowing from the LORD's house or Temple that will flow into this brook and take away the ashes and blood. According to Ezekiel people will be appointed to gather bodies left in Israel from the Battle or Armageddon including in the Kidron Valley and put them in another place. The fields of the brook Kidron being mentioned as holy unto the LORD also probably means these fields will be cleansed of remains of the Battle of Armageddon and become more fertile from the greater water flow and miraculous life giving nature of the water flow of this brook Kidron it its path from the Messianic Age Temple or House of the LORD to the Dead Sea as also described in Ezekiel 47. God also promises Jerusalem will never again be plucked up or thrown down by attack of heathen or ungodly nations or His judgment. The scripture reference in Jeremiah 31 to God's promised rebuilding of Jerusalem and cleansing of the Kidron Valley at the beginning of the Messianic Age is as follows:
Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that the city shall be built to the LORD from the tower of Hananeel unto the gate of the corner. And the measuring line shall yet go forth over against it upon the hill Gareb, and shall compass about to Goath. And the whole valley of the dead bodies, and of the ashes, and all the fields unto the brook of Kidron, unto the corner of the horse gate toward the east, shall be holy unto the LORD; it shall not be plucked up, nore thrown down any more for ever. Jeremiah 31:38-40
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